Texas Moon

October 24, 2008, 4:54 pm
Filed under: galveston | Tags:
“Galveston” redirects here. For the town in the U.S. state of Indiana, see Galveston, Indiana. For the song, see Galveston (song). For other uses see Galveston (disambiguation).
City of Galveston
Galveston in 1871

Galveston in 1871

Official seal of City of Galveston
Nickname(s): The Oleander City
Location in the state of Texas

Location in the state of Texas

Coordinates: 29°16′52″N 94°49′33″W / 29.28111, -94.82583
Country United States of America
State Texas
Counties Galveston
Incorporated 1839
 – Type Council-manager
 – Mayor Lyda Ann Thomas
 – Total 208.3 sq mi (539.6 km²)
 – Land 46.1 sq mi (119.5 km²)
 – Water 162.2 sq mi (420.1 km²)
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2005)
 – Total 57,466
 – Density 1,240.3/sq mi (478.9/km²)
 – Demonym Galvestonian
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 – Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77550-77555
Area code(s) 409
FIPS code 48-28068[1]
GNIS feature ID 1377745[2]
Website: www.cityofgalveston.org

Galveston (pronounced /ˈgælvəstən/) is a city in and seat of Galveston County located on Galveston Island on the Gulf Coast in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. As of the 2005 U.S. Census estimate, the city had a total population of 57,466. Galveston is accessible by the Galveston Causeway linking Galveston Island to the mainland on the north end of the city, a toll bridge on the western end of the island, and by ferry boat service on the east end of the city.

Galveston is known for the hurricane that struck it in 1900. The natural disaster that followed still counts as the most deadly in American history. A 10-mile (16-km) long, 17-foot (5.18 m) high seawall protects the city from floods and hurricane storm surge.

The city’s tourist attractions include the Galveston Schlitterbahn waterpark, Moody Gardens botanical park, the Ocean Star Offshore Drilling Rig & Museum, the Lone Star Flight Museum, a downtown neighborhood of historic buildings known as The Strand, many historical museums and mansions, and miles of beach front. The Strand plays host to a yearly Mardi Gras festival, Galveston Island Jazz & Blues Festival, Texas Beach Fest, Lone Star Bike Rally, and a Victorian-themed Christmas festival called Dickens on the Strand (honoring the works of novelist Charles Dickens, especially A Christmas Carol) in early December. Galveston was also home to the Balinese Room, an historic nightclub, formerly a notorious illegal gambling hall, which was located on a 600-foot (200 m) pier extending into the Gulf of Mexico. [3]

Galveston is the second-largest city in Galveston County in population after League City; League City surpassed Galveston between 2000 and 2005.[4]

Hurricane Ike made landfall at Galveston, Texas, on September 13, 2008. After it extensively damaged the courthouse and jail in September 2008, the decision was made to temporarily relocate the county seat and offices to League City and Texas City. Once repairs are complete, the county headquarters will return to Galveston. [5]

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